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Effects of Prescription Drugs
Prescription Drug Withdrawal
Recreational use or
abuse of prescription drugs is a serious and prominent problem in the
United States. While many people take prescription medications as directed
by their physician, it is estimated that approximately 20 percent of the
country uses prescription drugs for nonmedical reasons. Also, according
to NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse), 9.3% of 12th graders reported
using Vicodin without a prescription and 5% reported using Oxycontin.
What are the effects of prescription
The abuse of certain prescription drugs can affect the brain’s activity,
resulting in addiction. These types of drugs are often referred to as
“Opioids”, drugs that serve as central nervous system depressants
beneficial because or their pain-reliving qualities. Examples include
Codein, Oxycontin, Morphin, and Percocet. Opioids work by attaching to
specific proteins in the spinal cord, brain, and gastrointestinal tract.
When these drugs attach to the opioid receptors, they block the perception
Side effects can include:
- depress respiration
medications can also create a sense of euphoria by manipulating the regions
of the brain responsible for controlling pleasure. Prescription drug addicts
can frequently alter the way the drug is administered to exacerbate this
sensation. Oxycontin, for example, is often injected or snorted to intensify
the high. These methods greatly increase the risk of overdose.
Detox/Withdrawal of Prescription Drugs
Short term symptoms of prescription drug
- Muscle and bone
- Cold flashes
with goose bumps ("cold turkey")
Term Symptoms of Prescription Drug Withdrawal
Long-term use of opioids can lead to physical dependence and addiction.
Taking a large single dose of an opioid could cause severe respiratory
depression that can lead to death.